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2020年8月自考英语二真题及答案解析「完整版无水印」可下载

2020年8月基础教育自学笔试全省标准化公理笔试

英文(二)试题

专业课程标识符00015

本试题共8页。最高分100分,笔试天数150两分钟。

考生成绩单前要将他们的联系电话和身份证号写在试题上。

要在试题上作答,写在试题上的标准答案合宪。

第三部份:写作优先选择(第11-15题,五题2分,共10分)

写作上面引言,请从引言后所给各题的4个快捷键(A、B、 C、D)中挑选出1个最差快捷键, 并在试题适当边线中将此项遮盖。

Spilt (甩的) Milk

I recenly heard a story about a famous scientist who had made several very important medical achievements. He was asked why he was so much more creative than the average person。

He responded that it all came from an experience when he was about two. He had been trying to remove a bottle of milk from the refrigerator when he lost his grip (握住) and it fell, spilling (甩) the milk all over the floor。

When his mother came into the kitchen,instead of yelling at him, or punishing him,she said,Robert, what a wonderful mess you have made! Well, the damage has already been done. Would you like to play in the milk for a few minutes before we clean it up?

Indeed, he did,After a few minutes, his mother said,Rober, whenever you make a mess like this, eventually you have to clean it up. So, how would you like to do that? We could use a sponge ( 多孔) or a towel. Which do you prefer?" He chose the sponge and together they cleaned up the spilt milk.

His mother then said ,You know, what we have here is a failed experiment in how to effectively carry a big milk bottle with two tiny hands. Let s go out in the back yard and fill the bottle with water and see if you can discover a way to carry it without dropping it" The little boy learned that if he grasped the bottle at the top near the lip with both hands,he could carry it without dropping it.

The scientist remarked that it was then that he knew he didn’t need to be afraid to make mi s takes. Instead, mistakes were. just opportunities for learning Something new,which is, after all, what scientific experiments are a1l about. Even if the experiment" doesn’t work, we usually learn something valuable from it.

11. This story is about a scientist who_____________

A. was extraordinary when he was young

B. became well-known after an interview

C. was smarter than the average person

D. achieved great success in the medical field

12. He got the milk spilt all over the kitchen floor because he

A. dropped the bottle

B. was naughty

C slipped and fell

D. was weak

13. After, seeing the spilt milk,his mother__________________

A. shouted at him

B. cleaned the floor herself

C. encouraged him to play in the milk

D. forced him to clean the kitchen

14. The mother and the son went out in the back yard to__________

A. fill the bottle with milk

B. clean the bottle

C. find a way to carry the bottle

D. search for a new bottle

15. According to the text, mistakes give us chances to__________

A. know the truth

B. learn something new

C. do some experiments

D. teach a child a lesson

第三部份:概括段落大意和补全句子 (第16-25题,五题1分,共10分)

写作上面引言,请完成引言后的2项测试任务: (1)从第16-20题后所给的6个快捷键中为第1-5段每段优先选择1个正确的小标题; (2) 从第21-25题后所给的6个快捷键中优先选择5个正确快捷键,分别完成每个句子。在试题适当边线中将标准答案快捷键遮盖。

Volunteers

①Volunteers are people who work without being paid. They do the work because they want to. We need volunteers because there are many things that need to be done in society which the Government cant afford to pay for.

②Volunteers are motivated by a desire to help others and to make the world a better place. Statistics suggest that more than one million people do voluntary work in New Zealand. Some volunteers do the kind of work that they are particularly interested in, but perhaps havent had the chance to do during their working lives. Others make use of their professional skills and experience.

③Volunteers contribute to society in a number of ways. For example, some give their time to help preserve the natural environment. While there are government-run projects to maintain national parks and forests,the projects would not succeed without volunteers. Some environmental organizations rely solely on voluntary labor.

④"Meals on Wheelsis a voluntary organization run by the Red Cross. It delivers meals to elderly people who are unable to cook for themselves. Every year volunteer drivers deliver a million meals. This enables elderly people to remain in their own houses.

⑤Volunteer Service Abroad was started in 1962. It sends volunteers to poor countries. To be a volunteer you should be between the ages of 25 and 77,of good health and have a skill or ability that is requested by the country. Volunteers spend two years helping the local people improve their lives. Two years is a long time, but when they return, many volunteers say: It was the best two years of my life.

Task1

16. Paragraph ①:

17. Paragraph ②:

18. Paragraph ③:

19. Paragraph④:

20. Paragraph ⑤:

A. Definition of volunteers

B. How volunteers are organized

C. How volunteers contribute to society

D.Why people want to be volunteers

E. An organization sending volunteers abroad

F. An organization delivering meals to the elderly .

Task2

21. People do voluntary work because they want to

22. Some volunteers help others by

23. Some organizations rely on volunteers to help

24. The elderly can have their meals delivered without

25. Many volunteers returning from poor countries

A. help others

B. leaving their homes

C. cooking for the elderly .

D. using their professional skills

E.find their experience rewarding

F.preserve the natural environment

第四部份:填句补文(第26-30题,五题2分,共10分)

上面的引言有5处空白,引言后有6个句子,其中5个取自引言,请根据引言内容将 其分别放回原有边线,以恢复文章原貌,并在试题上适当边线中将标准答案快捷键遮盖。

How to Talk to a Doctor

Its one of the saddest situations in modern medicine he average doctor s appointment lasts 15 minutes or less.__26____That doesn t leave much time for chatting about the weather or your mood

What you don t realize but what I see, very clearly as a doctor is that what the patient says is more important than ever.__27__ They can also make it much harder for me to figure out what s wrong with you.

Medical schools teach a speific way to conduct an office visit. Part one is the complaint.28Part two in the physical exam. And part three is when the doctor gives you a diagnosis and pescrbesrsts or a teatment Chances are, you focus on part three, but the patients who receive the best care are those who master part one. The key is to describe in detail what youve been feling not just bad,but what kind of bad,for how long, and after what kind of activity.

_29___ Even though Ive been a doctor for many years, I tend to be a lttle nervous when I m the one sitting on the exam table. If I haven t prepared, I lose track of the details I inended to share__30__ When the doctor asks you questions, you can be more specifie, and the diagnosis and treatment will be more accurate. And there may be a few 欢 minutes leftover for a little pleasant conversation!

A. No wonder you feel rushed.

B. Of course,that s easier said than done.

C. It is wise to see a doctor with your friend

D. It is also called the deseription of your problem.

E. So I take a few minutes to write, down some crucial details.

F. In fact, your descriptions can help me give you great care.

第五部份:填词补文(第31-40题,五题1.5分,共15分)

上面的引言有10处空白,引言后列出12个词,其中10个取自引言,请根据引言内容 将其分别放回原有边线,以恢复文章原貌,并在试题适当边线中将标准答案快捷键遮盖。

Planting a Garden

Planting a garden is a lot like having a family. Both require a great deal of work, 31 as they grow and as the seasons_ 32. As summer days lengthen, your plants become__ 33on you, much like your children depend on you for food and drink. Like a_ 34child asking for drink of water, your plants do the same. Their bent body issues a demand much the way your child requests milk or juice. Getting enough water,they would, thrive soon.

You might also find you have to_ 35the space around your plants, much like you pick up toys and clothes that have been thrown in your kid s room. Similarly, roses need to be pruned (修剪) , and weeds need to be pulled. To keep children heal thy, parents protect their children against disease with__36, and gardeners do the same .with insect repellent (驱虫剂). To nourish (滋养) them, parents__37children vitamins,and gardeners use fertilizer, as both, promote healthy growth.

As children grow up,they need less care. However, here s where the similarity ends. While plants die or become38during winter, children39maintain an important role in the family, and parents will find their_ 40does not come to an end.

A. help E. dependent I. responsibility

B. clean F. still J. thirsty

C. change G. strong K. medicine

D. inactive H. give L. especially

第六部份:完形补文(第41-50题,五题1.5分,共15分)

上面的引言有10处空白,每处处空白后的括号内有一个词,请根据引言内容将其正确 的形式填入文中,以恢复文章原貌,并将标准答案写在试题适当的边线上。

What Makes Us Different

The reason Earthdiffers(differ) from all the other41(planet)in the universe is because of you and me. At first,we were living in caves,the came the ice age,then the meltdown, and__ 42(final)what we are today. We and Earth as a whole have changed so much. The only thing that hasn’t changed is our greed and43(jealous).

While we were in caves,we fought for food. While we were living on the ice, we fought for_ 44(warn),clothing,and food. Now, we are45(fight) over land. Why do we fight ,for land that was never in our__ 46(possess)? Wars, big or small, take place every day. Earth is a single nation. All the land masses on it belong to the planet, not to us. Everyone is the same, regardless of race, gender,or religion. We are all deserve to be_ 47(treat) equally. We are al1 also unique, but that doesn’t make us any__ 48(1ittle) human than the next person. .

If we can start by_ 49(pay) a compliment (赞美) to a different person each day, our world will be_ 50(friendly) to live in. If we at least help one person in need and let room for love to grow in our hearts,the world will be a better place.

第七部份:引言写作(第51题, 30分)

请根据所提供材料中的要求完成篇100词左右的英文写作任务。将你的标准答案写在试题适当的边线上。

某英文报社正在举办题为Spring Is Coming的征文活动,请你根据下述写作要点提交一篇英文引言应征。

●简要描写春天的景象

●介绍人们在春天里的各种活动

参考标准答案

2020年8月自考英文二专业课标准答案

第一部份:写作判断(第1—10题,共10分)

CBBAA CACAC第三部份:写作优先选择(第11—15题,共10分)

DDCCB第三部份:概括段落大意和补全句子

ADCFE ADFBE

第四部份:填句补文(第26~30题,五题2分,共10分)

26.标准答案A:No wonder you feel rushed.

27.标准答案F:In fact, your descriptions can help me give you great care.28.标准答案D:It is also called the description of your problem.

29.标准答案B: Of course, thats easier said than done.

30.标准答案E: So I take a few minutes to write down some crucial details.

第五部份:填词补文(第31~40题,五题l.5分,共I5分)

31L:especially

32C:change.

33E:dependent

34J:thirsty

35B:clean

36K:medicine

37H:give

38D:inactive

39F:still

40I:responsibility

第六部份:完形补文(第41~50题,五题l.5分,共l5分)

41.planets 42.finally43.jealousy44.warmth45.fighting46.possession47.treated48.less49.paying 50.friendlier

第七部份:引言写作

仅供参考

Spring Is ComingSpring is coming. What a nice season!The weather is getting warmer and warmer. The flowers are coming out. How beautiful the world is! Look around, the sky is blue and the leaves on the trees are turning green. The sun is shining brightly and the air is so fresh, now everyone takes off his warm coat and is more active than before. We all have good feelings. I must say, be careful not to catch cold again. A good beginning is half done and it’s the first season in the year. We must make the best use of our time and catch every second to work and study. Do you think so?

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